The periodontal scaling is the action of removing any accumulated tartar on the teeth. Contrary to dental plaque, tartar cannot be eliminate with a regular tooth brush. The scaling can be done by the dentist or the hygienist. It is an essential element of dental hygiene, permitting to detect eventual caries.
The scaling session ends with a polishing of the teeth, also called prophylaxis. It is done by using a slow-speed hand piece with a paste which makes it possible to remove any stains or roughness from the teeth, followed by a rinsing of the mouth. This appointment can also give a reminder of teeth brushing techniques.
The necessary frequency for dental scalings and cleanings varies from one individual to another, depending on the susceptibility of periodontal disease, the gums’ condition and the build-up of plaque or tartar. The formation of tartar essentially depends on the quality of brushing, as well as individual specific factors (such as the quality of saliva, the buccal PH and other physical-chemical properties). The necessary frequency for dental cleanings can vary from 3 to 12 months.
The dental cleaning is followed by a full dental exam. The dental exam consist in first hand to collect data on the patients’ oral health: caries, gum disease, susceptible cysts… It also aims to detect and prevent dental problems before they cause pain or bigger problems. For example, not detecting a problem of grinding teeth can cause headaches and premature wear and abrasion of teeth. The dental exam also permits the dentist to detect early cancer of the mouth, throat or mucosal damage. In other words, the dentist examines the signs that can have an impact on the general health of the patient.
During this dental exam, not only will the dentist check for signs or symptoms of caries like brown or black stains on your teeth. The dentist will also check your fillings and may suggest that you replace any loose or broken ones.
If you have one or multiple cavities, the dentist may keep an eye on it (if it’s small), or want to fill it right away. If a large cavity is not filled, it can get bigger and cause pain followed by bigger problems in the long run such as a root canal treatment or the tooth may even have to be removed and replaced with an artificial tooth.
DIGITAL X-RAY (RADIOGRAPHY)
Dentists use dental radiography in order to make a better diagnostic of your oral health. They are complementary to the visual exam with the explorer and permits:
- To detect caries in between teeth,
- To detect caries under old amalgam fillings
- To evaluate the amount of bone loss
- To detect infection at the end of the tooth’s roots
- To have a global view of the dental structure
We chose to equip our clinic with the new generation of digital radiography equipment. The digital radiography provides the following benefits:
- 90% lower x-ray dose than traditional radiography
- Instant results (film does not need to be developed), meaning less wait time for you
- Protection of the environment by the elimination of toxic solutions for the classic development process.
- Clearer image since the imagine is re-worked by computer to improve the contrasts
- Easier to distribute, for example if your insurance company would like a copy of your radiography
An intra-oral camera is a device in the shape of a pen that takes images inside of the mouth. Connected to our computer, the images is then uploaded and displayed in large formats to better visualize the detected problems. The real time images of the oral cavity facilitates the dentist to provide a diagnosis. It is an effective tool to support the explanation of a treatment plan, consequently helping patients to better understand their oral needs.